Sri Lanka is second to none in terms of its biodiversity and fascinating nature. Among all other amazing animals, Sri Lanka’s wildlife crown jewel is the Sri Lankan leopard. Apart from the leopard, Sri Lanka is also providing shelter to other wildcats including jungle cats, fishing cats, and rusty-spotted cats that can be found in Sri Lankan wilderness.
While road systems are imperative for current development they are influenced on animals in several ways, for instant fast moving vehicles course for thousands of road kills per hour all around the world. In Sri Lankan context impact of these road kills for the wild animal population is not studied properly. Most scientific work about road kill has been done in protected ecosystems in the island. During my career as a field biologist, I was able to spent a long period in Sri Lankan forests and jungle areas, not only that I have been working with rural communities near the protected areas for more than 6 years. Especially, according to my observations mammals are the main victims. There are some studies carried out in the world about this animal road kills, according to those researchers, no generalization can be made about the role of season or habitat in road kills because pooled data hide individual trends. I believe that this phenomenon can apply to our country because recorded information does not interprets the impacts regarding the most endangered species, therefore it is more important that when recording data researchers should keep separate records by age, sex, species, time of day, season and place; otherwise important patterns will be missed.
Sri Lankan black leopards are not a new species. Many people have that question, which is no wonder because after a long time now Sri Lankan scientists talking about Black Leopards. Leopards are the top predators in the Island. The Sri Lankan leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya) is a subspecies endemic to the country.